Steroid and antibiotic eye drops - hydrocortisone/neomycin/polymixin B; loteprednol/tobramycin; prednisolone/gentamycin; prednisolone/sulfacetamide; hydrocortisone /neomycin/bacitracin/ polymyxin B (Blephamide, Catapred [discontinued], Isopto, Pred-G, Poly-Pred [discontinued], Tobradex, Zylet and many other brands) are steroid and antibiotic eye drops prescribed to prevent or treat eye infections that are associated with inflammation. Side effects, drug interactions, dosage, and pregnancy safety information should be reviewed prior to using these medications.
Inhaled corticosteroids are the mainstay for daily controller medications in children and toddlers. The choice of which inhaled corticosteroid often comes down to which medication delivery device is preferred by caretakers. Young children can use metered-dose inhalers with a spacer and face mask, as long as caregivers are trained and feel comfortable with the proper technique. Budesonide is available via nebulizer, and this may be easier for infants and younger toddlers. Some children may also feel comfortable with a dry powder inhaler. If used properly, all medication delivery devices are effective, so choice is usually individualized based on caregiver and child preference. Combination inhalers are also used in children, and health-care professionals caring for children with asthma may choose these for children with moderate to severe asthma.
Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) are a series of different breathing tests led by a trained pulmonary function technologist, usually done at a hospital or clinic. There are global standards and guidelines that help make sure that everyone does and interprets pulmonary function tests in the same way. To learn about your lung health, your doctor may want you to have several pulmonary function tests done including spirometry , lung volumes , diffusing capacity , and airway resistance. Most of these breathing tests are done by blowing into a mouthpiece while sitting in a chair. Your doctor may also order a blood test called arterial blood gas as an additional test.
Before you have PFTs, you may get specific instructions on how to get ready for the tests, such as: