Thrush is caused by an overgrowth of a type of yeast, called candida albicans. The medical term for a thrush infection is called oral candidiasis. While candida is part of your body’s natural organisms, sometimes the normal balance gets disrupted, making it easy for the yeast cells to grow. Oral candidiasis causes white, creamy-looking patches on your tongue and inner cheek. The patches can spread to other areas, including your throat, gums, the roof of the mouth, and even your esophagus. It’s best to seek medical treatment if you develop thrush. Home treatment options are also available.
The “human immunodeficiency virus” or HIV which causes AIDS – can damage or destroy cells of the immune system which makes an individual vulnerable to infections which are opportunistic and which the body could typically defend against. Bouts which are repeated can be the initial symptom of an HIV infection. Cancer When the individual is battling cancer, the system of immunity is normally damaged from both the disease as well as from treatments for instances chemotherapy, or radiation, increasing the risk of yeast infections such as oral thrush.
In older children and adults, oropharyngeal candidiasis is associated with several risk behaviors, including prolonged or repeated use of oral antibiotics , prednisone (or other steroid medications), smoking , dentures , use of birth control pills, and medical conditions especially diabetes (either type I or type II) or any diseases that can suppress your immune system ( HIV/AIDS ). Perhaps the most common association for developing thrush is improper technique during the use of inhalers containing corticosteroids for the control of asthma or COPD ( chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ). Such medications require rinsing your mouth with water and then spitting out the water to eliminate any non-inhaled medication. Patients using a metered-dose inhaler (MDI) for administration of their steroids are recommended to use a "spacer" to lessen the amount of potential residual steroid left in the mouth.